Published on in Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jan-Mar

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
Effect of Mobile Phone Text Message Reminders on Routine Immunization Uptake in Pakistan: Randomized Controlled Trial

Effect of Mobile Phone Text Message Reminders on Routine Immunization Uptake in Pakistan: Randomized Controlled Trial

Effect of Mobile Phone Text Message Reminders on Routine Immunization Uptake in Pakistan: Randomized Controlled Trial


  1. Ateudjieu J, Yakum M, Goura A, Tembei A, Ingrid D, Bita’a Landry B, Kenfack B, Amada L, Tadzong I, Bissek A. EPI immunization coverage, timeliness and dropout rate among children in a West Cameroon health district: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health 2020;20(1) View
  2. Murthy N, Chandrasekharan S, Prakash M, Kaonga N, Peter J, Ganju A, Mechael P. The Impact of an mHealth Voice Message Service (mMitra) on Infant Care Knowledge, and Practices Among Low-Income Women in India: Findings from a Pseudo-Randomized Controlled Trial. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2019;23(12):1658 View
  3. Zaidi S, Shaikh S, Sayani S, Kazi A, Khoja A, Hussain S, Najmi R. Operability, Acceptability, and Usefulness of a Mobile App to Track Routine Immunization Performance in Rural Pakistan: Interview Study Among Vaccinators and Key Informants. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2020;8(2):e16081 View
  4. Mathew J, Vashishtha V, Nimbalkar S. Mobile Phone Technology Based Incentives to Enhance Routine Childhood Immunization. Indian Pediatrics 2018;55(8):687 View
  5. Stephens A, Wynn C, Stockwell M. Understanding the use of digital technology to promote human papillomavirus vaccination – A RE-AIM framework approach. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics 2019;15(7-8):1549 View
  6. Domek G, Contreras-Roldan I, Bull S, O'Leary S, Bolaños Ventura G, Bronsert M, Kempe A, Asturias E. Text message reminders to improve infant immunization in Guatemala: A randomized clinical trial. Vaccine 2019;37(42):6192 View
  7. Kawakatsu Y, Oyeniyi Adesina A, Kadoi N, Aiga H. Cost-effectiveness of SMS appointment reminders in increasing vaccination uptake in Lagos, Nigeria: A multi-centered randomized controlled trial. Vaccine 2020;38(42):6600 View
  8. Labrague L, Galabay J, Anastacio A, McEnroe‐Petitte D, Tsaras K. Effects of mobile text messaging on breast cancer and breast self‐examination (BSE) knowledge, BSE self‐efficacy, and BSE frequency: a randomised controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 2021;35(1):287 View
  9. Babalola S, Loehr C, Oyenubi O, Akiode A, Mobley A. Efficacy of a Digital Health Tool on Contraceptive Ideation and Use in Nigeria: Results of a Cluster-Randomized Control Trial. Global Health: Science and Practice 2019;7(2):273 View
  10. Qazi S, Usman M, Mahmood A. A data-driven framework for introducing predictive analytics into expanded program on immunization in Pakistan. Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 2021;133(13-14):695 View
  11. Ali I. Impact of COVID-19 on vaccination programs: adverse or positive?. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics 2020;16(11):2594 View
  12. Yunusa U, Garba S, Umar A, Idris S, Bello U, Abdulrashid I, Mohammed J. Mobile phone reminders for enhancing uptake, completeness and timeliness of routine childhood immunization in low and middle income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Vaccine 2021;39(2):209 View
  13. Kazi A, Qazi S, Khawaja S, Ahsan N, Ahmed R, Sameen F, Khan Mughal M, Saqib M, Ali S, Kaleemuddin H, Rauf Y, Raza M, Jamal S, Abbasi M, Stergioulas L. An Artificial Intelligence–Based, Personalized Smartphone App to Improve Childhood Immunization Coverage and Timelines Among Children in Pakistan: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2020;9(12):e22996 View
  14. Oladepo O, Dipeolu I, Oladunni O. Outcome of reminder text messages intervention on completion of routine immunization in rural areas, Nigeria. Health Promotion International 2021;36(3):765 View
  15. Kagucia E, Ochieng B, Were J, Hayford K, Obor D, O'Brien K, Gibson D. Impact of mobile phone delivered reminders and unconditional incentives on measles-containing vaccine timeliness and coverage: a randomised controlled trial in western Kenya. BMJ Global Health 2021;6(1):e003357 View
  16. Ehlman D, Magoola J, Tanifum P, Wallace A, Behumbiize P, Mayanja R, Luzze H, Yukich J, Daniels D, Mugenyi K, Baryarama F, Ayebazibwe N, Conklin L. Evaluating a Mobile Phone–Delivered Text Message Reminder Intervention to Reduce Infant Vaccination Dropout in Arua, Uganda: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols 2021;10(2):e17262 View
  17. Mekonnen Z, Gelaye K, Were M, Tilahun B. Effect of Mobile Phone Text Message Reminders on the Completion and Timely Receipt of Routine Childhood Vaccinations: Superiority Randomized Controlled Trial in Northwest Ethiopia. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2021;9(6):e27603 View
  18. Qazi S, Usman M. Critical Review of Data Analytics Techniques used in the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI). Current Medical Imaging Formerly Current Medical Imaging Reviews) 2021;17(1):39 View
  19. Eze P, Lawani L, Acharya Y. Short message service (SMS) reminders for childhood immunisation in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Global Health 2021;6(7):e005035 View
  20. Chakraborty A, Mohan D, Scott K, Sahore A, Shah N, Kumar N, Ummer O, Bashingwa J, Chamberlain S, Dutt P, Godfrey A, LeFevre A. Does exposure to health information through mobile phones increase immunisation knowledge, completeness and timeliness in rural India?. BMJ Global Health 2021;6(Suppl 5):e005489 View
  21. Shah N, Ummer O, Scott K, Bashingwa J, Penugonda N, Chakraborty A, Sahore A, Mohan D, LeFevre A. SMS feedback system as a quality assurance mechanism: experience from a household survey in rural India. BMJ Global Health 2021;6(Suppl 5):e005287 View
  22. Dathini H, Sharoni S, Robert K. Parental Reminder Strategies and the Cost Implication for Improved Immunisation Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Healthcare 2022;10(10):1996 View
  23. Kim S, Lee S. Effects of Government-Driven Smartphone Text Messages on Public Compliance With COVID-19 Preventative Measures. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing 2021;39(10):527 View
  24. Mahdi S, Allana R, Battineni G, Khalid T, Agha D, Khawaja M, Amenta F. The promise of telemedicine in Pakistan: A systematic review. Health Science Reports 2022;5(1) View
  25. Siddiqi D, Abdullah S, Dharma V, Khamisani T, Shah M, Setayesh H, Khan A, Chandir S. Assessment of vaccination service delivery and quality: a cross-sectional survey of over 1300 health facilities from 29 districts in Sindh, Pakistan conducted between 2017–18. BMC Health Services Research 2022;22(1) View
  26. Bossman E, Johansen M, Zanaboni P. mHealth interventions to reduce maternal and child mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia: A systematic literature review. Frontiers in Global Women's Health 2022;3 View
  27. Yunusa U, Ibrahim A, Ladan M, Gomaa H. Effect of mobile phone text message and call reminders in the completeness of pentavalent vaccines in Kano state, Nigeria. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 2022;64:e77 View
  28. Kazi A, Ahsan N, Mughis W, Jamal S, Allana R, Raza M, Muneer S, Mughal M, Kaleemuddin H, Sameen F, Ahmed R, Abbasi M, Stergioulas L, Qazi S. Usability and Acceptability of a Mobile App for Behavior Change and to Improve Immunization Coverage among Children in Pakistan: A Mixed-Methods Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021;18(18):9527 View
  29. Faujdar D, Kaur M, Singh T, Sahay S, Kumar R. Evaluating scope of mobile technology for bridging health care gaps in impoverished population in LMICs. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 2022;11(1):90 View
  30. Benda N, Zawtha S, Anderson K, Sharma M, Lin P, Zawtha B, Masterson Creber R. Developing Population Health Surveillance Using mHealth in Low-Resource Settings: Qualitative Assessment and Pilot Evaluation. JMIR Formative Research 2022;6(10):e36260 View
  31. Kazi A, Ahsan N, Jamal S, Khan A, Mughis W, Allana R, Kazi A, Kalimuddin H, Ali S, McKellin W, Collet J. Characteristics of mobile phone access and usage among caregivers in Pakistan – A mHealth survey of urban and rural population. International Journal of Medical Informatics 2021;156:104600 View
  32. Venkataramanan R, Subramanian S, Alajlani M, Arvanitis T. Effect of mobile health interventions in increasing utilization of Maternal and Child Health care services in developing countries: A scoping review. DIGITAL HEALTH 2022;8:205520762211432 View
  33. Shahid S, Ahmed S, Qazi M, Ali R, Ali S, Zaidi A, Iqbal N, Jehan F, Imran Nisar M. Differential coverage for vaccines in the expanded program on immunization (EPI) among children in rural Pakistan. Vaccine 2023;41(16):2680 View
  34. Nguyen N, Long P, Thang T, Duong L, Tu N, Thu D, Gia N. Infrastructure and Software Skills in the Expanded Program on Immunization at Commune Health Centers in Central Vietnam: A Cross-Sectional Mixed-Methods Study. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 2023;35(4):267 View
  35. Yau I, Zubair Mustapha M, Nwaze E, Nobila O, Maigoro A, Abdullah A, Gamawa A, Meissner P, Albrecht J, Müller O. Improving the timeliness and completeness of childhood vaccination through color-coded bracelets: a pilot study among Fulani tribe populations in Nigeria. Journal of Public Health in Africa 2023 View
  36. Saeed M, Shahid M, Naeem A, Tabassum S, Dave T. Diphtheria in Pakistan post-COVID-19, a potential public health threat: an update. Tropical Medicine and Health 2023;51(1) View
  37. Siddiqi D, Miraj F, Raza H, Hussain O, Munir M, Dharma V, Shah M, Habib A, Chandir S. Development and feasibility testing of an artificially intelligent chatbot to answer immunization-related queries of caregivers in Pakistan: A mixed-methods study. International Journal of Medical Informatics 2024;181:105288 View
  38. Gorar Z, Butt Z. Impact of hepatitis B birth dose on immune response in Pakistani children: an open-label, non-inferiority randomized controlled trial, implications for achieving SDG target. Infectious Diseases 2024;56(1):1 View
  39. Hirani J, Wüst M. Reminder design and childhood vaccination coverage. Journal of Health Economics 2024;93:102832 View
  40. Ibrahim N, Ez-Elarab H, Momen M, Mossad I, Eletriby S. A novel wide scale well-baby clinic mobile application: an Egyptian pilot study. BMC Health Services Research 2023;23(1) View
  41. Frozanfar M, Hamajima N, Fayaz S, Rahimzad A, Stanekzai H, Inthaphatha S, Nishino K, Yamamoto E, Augusto O. Factors associated with pentavalent vaccine coverage among 12-23-month-old children in Afghanistan: A cross-sectional study. PLOS ONE 2023;18(8):e0289744 View
  42. Saha A, Sarker M, Hossen M, Hassan Z, Adhikari J, Latif M. Digitalized to reach and track: a retrospective comparison between traditional and conditional estimate of vaccination coverage and dropout rates using e-Tracker data below one-year children in Bangladesh during-COVID and pre-COVID period. The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia 2023;16:100252 View
  43. Malik A, Ahmed N, Shafiq M, Elharake J, James E, Nyhan K, Paintsil E, Melchinger H, Team Y, Malik F, Omer S. Behavioral interventions for vaccination uptake: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Health Policy 2023;137:104894 View
  44. Oyo-Ita A, Oduwole O, Arikpo D, Effa E, Esu E, Balakrishna Y, Chibuzor M, Oringanje C, Nwachukwu C, Wiysonge C, Meremikwu M. Interventions for improving coverage of childhood immunisation in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2023;2023(12) View
  45. Yunusa U, Garba S, MacDonald S, Bello U, Ibrahim A, Abdulrashid I, Dalhatu A, Ladan M. Utilization of Mobile Reminders in Improving the Completeness and Timeliness of Routine Childhood Immunization in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Pediatric Health Care 2024 View
  46. Knop M, Nagashima-Hayashi M, Lin R, Saing C, Ung M, Oy S, Yam E, Zahari M, Yi S. Impact of mHealth interventions on maternal, newborn, and child health from conception to 24 months postpartum in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. BMC Medicine 2024;22(1) View
  47. Mekonnen Z, Tilahun B, Alemu K, Were M. Effect of mobile phone text message reminders on improving completeness and timeliness of routine childhood vaccinations in North-West, Ethiopia: a study protocol for randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open 2019;9(11):e031254 View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Langrial S, Ham J. Persuasive Technology. Designing for Future Change. View